By John B. Wolf

Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city components use vio­ lence to solid themselves as a valid political strength. Necklacing, plac­ ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun at the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement equipment utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo­ lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con­ gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a conventional Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments usually lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy by means of now not enforcing measures meant to extirpate them. often, democratic societies worry that inflexible regulate measures pose a possibility to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is usually ham­ strung by way of terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass help for the govt and its keep watch over measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a standard crusade of bombings and different atrocities, is not any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the whole society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are shortly uncovered to the fear­ ist threat.

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34. Robert D. N. Puerto Rican Terrorists Suspected in New Year Bombings," The Nt'll, York Times, January 2, 1983, p. 1. 35. Robert D. S. Inquiry on Links among Terrorist Groups," The Nel(' York Times, October 25,1981, p. 40. 36. Clyde Haberman, "A Soviet-Type Rifle Tied to Bus Ambush," The New York Times, December 6, 1979, p. 23. 37. N. Terrorism," The New York Times, April 17, 1977, p. 1. 38. "Judge Calls for National Inquiry into Leak in Terrorism Case," The New York Times, Mav 28, 1977, p. 20.

A. subcontracting its North American hits to the Justice Commandos. The Armenian Revolutionary Army, another band of fanatics, claimed credit for the murder of a Turkish diplomat in Brussels on July 14, 1983. Witnesses said that a well-built man, who was wearing blue jeans and a striped shirt, walked up to a Turkish embassy attache who was sitting in his car parked outside his home and fired through the window. A. " Despite this allegation, commented an American official in Paris, there is little evidence that the Soviet Union is giving direct support to the Armenian terrorist groups.

Facing severe economic hardships, Suriname was believed to permit the Libyans to use its rain forests and coastal areas to organize and train terrorist cadres in exchange for financial assistance. Situated on the northeast coast of South America, just north of Brazil, the country occupies a pivotal geopolitical position. In 1667, England, vying with other European powers for supremacy in the region, ceded Suriname to the Netherlands in return for the colony of New Netherland (New York). When Lieutenant Colonel Desi Bouterse directed the government of Suriname from Paramaribo, the country's capital and principal city, after seizing power from an elected government in 1980, he immediately established close ties with Cuba.

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