By Andrew D. Evans

Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists carried out their paintings in the middle of full-scale warfare. The self-discipline was once fairly new in German academia while global battle I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans finds during this illuminating ebook, its improvement was once profoundly altered via the clash. because the battle formed the institutional, ideological, and actual setting for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline became its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist exercise basically involved in medical reports of race.

Combining highbrow and cultural historical past with the background of technological know-how, Anthropology at struggle examines either the origins and effects of this shift. Evans locates its roots within the determination to permit scientists entry to prisoner-of-war camps, which brought on them to concentration their examine on racial reviews of the captives. stuck up in wartime nationalism, a brand new iteration of anthropologists started to painting the country’s political enemies as racially diversified. After the struggle ended, the significance put on racial conceptions and different types endured, paving the best way for the politicization of clinical inquiry within the years of the ascendancy of nationwide Socialism.


"Evans not just deals a proof for the main transition within the heritage of German anthropology, he additionally provides the main accomplished background of the self-discipline to be had to this point. Even past this outstanding scholarly paintings, Evans has made a true conceptual contribution to the heritage of technological know-how, correcting the dominant view of the relation among technology and politics." - Matti Bunzl, college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign"

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Extra resources for Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

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Over one hundred members had medical degrees, and thirty of these were listed as medical professors of some kind. This group also included doctors who worked for the military. Academics of various stripes outside of the medical field were also well represented. Of 577 members, 135 possessed some connection to academic life, whether a nonmedical doctorate, the title of professor, a job in a library or a nonanthropological museum, or a position teaching at a German secondary school or Gymnasium. 75 The exact number of government bureaucrats and state officials is more difficult to determine, but at least several dozen members worked for the government in some way, including one man who was the chief engineer of the Berlin water works.

53 The larger German Anthropological Society also published a major journal, the Archiv für Anthropologie, as well as a monthly newsletter, the Correspondenz-Blatt. 54 Anthropological societies in Germany, particularly the larger branches, were noticeably international in their orientation. 55 By 1900 the organization had some 119 corresponding members from throughout the world, including such influential figures in the field of anthropology as Franz Boas in New York, J. W. 57 The connections between German-speaking anthropologists in Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Switzerland were particularly strong.

Luschan, for example, worked as both an ethnologist and physical anthropologist for the majority of his career and taught in both fields at the University of Berlin. Ranke also taught in both fields at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich. Moreover, many important ethnologists, like physical anthropologists, were physicians. Bastian, for example, was a doctor who had studied medicine under Virchow. Furthermore, although the goals of the two fields differed, both shared an approach drawn from the natural sciences.

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