By Graham A. Cosmas
Cosmas argues that the conventional view of the battle is from the “bottom up” simply because, whereas headlines have been being made approximately insufficient offers, sickness, and superseded guns at floor point, the civilian and armed forces figures on the optimum ranks remained nearly silent approximately how and why they made their judgements. This quantity, in keeping with in depth learn in documentary fabrics, together with the private papers of President William McKinley and Secretary of battle Russell A. Alger, in addition to the voluminous documents of Adjutant normal Henry Clark Corbin and the quartermaster general’s places of work, indicates the daily development of the battle because the highest-ranking officers observed it, digested it, and established next judgements on it.
Faced with budgetary strain from Congress, political strain from the states’ nationwide defend devices, and the president’s transferring stand on targets for the struggle, the military used to be certainly ailing ready for its unexpected mobilization. Cosmas concludes that the army’s management was once compelled right into a tricky new place in 1898, one within which its personal new rules of administration and association coupled with the vast new scope of nationwide political/military goals did not deal with the particular conditions of the battle. After the preliminary wartime mistakes, despite the fact that, the military solved sufficient of its difficulties to make the campaigns in Puerto Rico and the Philippines run extra easily, notwithstanding with much less information price. As Cosmas indicates, the Spanish-American warfare used to be a foretaste of the hot century, prompting the formation of a latest employees and command process that might profoundly regulate global history.
This paperback version of An military for Empire comprises the author’s 1994 preface; extra illustrations; and multiplied dialogue of African American infantrymen, the land engagements at San Juan Hill and El Caney, and the interval among the August 1898 armistice and Secretary Alger’s departure a yr later.
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Additional info for An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War (Texas a & M University Military History Series)
They look at the Army's administration from the outside, seeing only the partial effects of decisions, not knowing why those decisions were made or that, in many instances, initially wrong decisions were reversed. Theodore Roosevelt, along with innumerable soldier-memoirists, viewed the War Department's actions from subordinate positions in the fieldnot the most flattering perspective on the high command in any war. The newspaper correspondents, whose indignant eloquence did much to shape the popular conception of the campaigns, wrote from essentially the same viewpoint.
Corbin Papers. James H. Wilson to Henry M. Flagler, September 22, 1910, Box 9; Col. Marshall I. Ludington to Wilson, June 14, 1897, Box 14, James Harrison Wilson Papers. Col. R. Buffington to Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, September 20, 1890, Box 22; Senator William E. Chandler to Schofield, May 27, 1890, Box 23; Enoch Pratt to Schofield December 6, 1890, Box 31; Frederic Remington to the Editor of The Sun, May 28, 1893, George M. A. Carr to Schofield, September 28, 1890, Box 38; Wesley Merritt to Schofield, December 20, 1892, and Nelson A.
An Army for Empire, 297 Bibliography, 327 Index, 339 Page viii List of Illustrations and Maps Lieutenant General John M. , 23 Major General Nelson A. Miles, 48 Secretary of War Russell Alexander Alger, 49 Adjutant General Henry C. Corbin, 50 President William McKinley, 69 Major General William R. , Commander of the Expedition to Manila, 109 President William McKinley tours an army camp, 109 Secretary of War Russell A. Alger with Brigadier General Henry C. Corbin, the adjutant general of the Army, 123 Major Generals Nelson A.