By Claudia Pahl-Wostl (auth.), Prof. Dr. Claudia Pahl-Wostl, Prof. Dr. Pavel Kabat, Dipl. Geogr. Jörn Möltgen (eds.)
Sustainable water administration is a key environmental problem of the twenty first century. constructing and enforcing cutting edge administration ways and the way to deal with the expanding complexity and uncertainties was once the subject matter of the 1st foreign convention on Adaptive and built-in Water administration, held in November 2007 in Basel, Switzerland. The convention quantity comprises chosen contributions on conceptual and methodological recommendations and empirical insights from case reviews on vital issues comparable to multi-level governance, switch administration, vulnerability review, environmental flows, uncertainty research and the affects of weather swap. The ebook addresses a large interdisciplinary viewers of scientists and execs from academia, undefined, and fascinated about coverage making.
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Extra resources for Adaptive and Integrated Water Management: Coping with Complexity and Uncertainty
Eco-Complexity and Sustainability in China’s Water Management 35 Fig. 3 Transfer complexity to sustainability. To turn the complexity into sustainability, we need a profound value change in understanding the ecological relationship between man and nature, the influence of the production mode on resource metabolism, and of consumption behavior on environmental impacts. A new ecological philosophy should be encouraged from linear, physical and reductionism thinking to systematic, ecological and holistic thinking, from wealth-only development to a combination of wealth, health and faith development.
The term ‘holon’ (Koestler 1967; Ashby 2003) is apt; a component or unit which is simultaneously a whole and a part (see Figure 2). The design decision is to choose holons that constitute significant and useful building blocks of the bigger river basin. Since holons nest in each other (viz; farm outlet, tertiary irrigation units, secondary units, irrigation system, sub-catchment, river basin), the holon of interest must neither be too small to result in too many units, nor too large so that internal rifts and divisions arise that cannot be managed.
The Cybernetic Principles fall into four categories: integration in recognition, institution and technology; adaptation to co-evolve with natural, economic and social development, feedback of material and information; and self-reliance to sustain structural, functional and procedural stability. Faced with sharp contradictions between reductionism and the holistic approach, the traditional analytical and statistical approach cannot work well in modeling its dynamics and cybernetics. A methodological revolution is underway with the management target switched from tangible/physical object to intangible/ecological contexts; the measurement rule switched from numerical quantification to functional and multi-scale identification; the regulation strategies switched from mathematical optimization under some simplified conditions and subjective hypotheses to process-oriented social learning and ecological adaptation, while the research goal switched from morphological assessment and hypothesis validation to ecosystem-based sustainability management (Wang et al.