By Heinz P. Bloch(auth.)
A entire review of thought, choice, layout, operation, and maintenance
this article bargains a radical review of the working features, efficiencies, layout gains, troubleshooting, and upkeep of dynamic and optimistic displacement approach gasoline compressors. the writer examines a large spectrum of compressors utilized in heavy procedure industries, with an emphasis on enhancing reliability and warding off failure. Readers examine either the idea underlying compressors in addition to the myriad daily sensible matters and demanding situations that chemical engineers and plant operation body of workers needs to tackle.
The textual content good points:
- Latest layout and production info of dynamic and optimistic displacement strategy fuel compressors
- Examination of the whole variety of machines on hand for the heavy strategy industries
- Thorough presentation of the preparations, fabric composition, and simple legislation governing the layout of all vital approach fuel compressors
- Guidance on settling on optimal compressor configurations, controls, parts, and auxiliaries to maximise reliability
- Monitoring and function research for optimum equipment situation
- Systematic the way to keep away from failure throughout the software of field-tested reliability enhancement strategies
- Fluid instability and externally pressurized bearings
- Reliability-driven asset administration innovations for compressors
- Upstream separator and clear out concerns
The text's constitution is thoroughly designed to construct wisdom and talents via beginning with key ideas after which relocating to extra complex fabric. 1000's of images depicting a number of varieties of compressors, elements, and approaches are supplied all through.
Compressors usually signify a multi-million greenback funding for such functions as petrochemical processing and refining, refrigeration, pipeline delivery, and turbochargers and superchargers for inner combustion engines. this article permits the huge variety of engineers and plant managers who paintings with those compressors to utilize the funding by way of best them to the easiest judgements for choosing, working, upgrading, protecting, and troubleshooting.Content:
Chapter 1 concept (pages 3–27):
Chapter 2 Reciprocating technique Compressor layout evaluate (pages 29–62):
Chapter three Reciprocating Compressor functionality and tracking concerns (pages 63–97):
Chapter four Labyrinth Piston Compressors (pages 99–107):
Chapter five Hypercompressors (pages 109–120):
Chapter 6 steel Diaphragm Compressors (pages 121–128):
Chapter 7 Lobe and Sliding Vane Compressors (pages 129–134):
Chapter eight Liquid Ring Compressors (pages 135–139):
Chapter nine Rotary Screw Compressors and filter out Separators (pages 141–169):
Chapter 10 Reciprocating Compressor functionality and Sizing basics (pages 171–196):
Chapter eleven Simplified Equations for picking out the functionality of Dynamic Compressors (pages 205–213):
Chapter 12 layout concerns and production strategies (pages 215–297):
Chapter thirteen complex Sealing and Bearing structures (pages 299–337):
Chapter 14 Couplings, Torque Transmission, and Torque Sensing (pages 339–355):
Chapter 15 Lubrication, Sealing, and keep an eye on Oil structures for Turbomachinery (pages 357–361):
Chapter sixteen Compressor keep watch over (pages 363–380):
Chapter 17 Head?Flow Curve form of Centrifugal Compressors (pages 381–393):
Chapter 18 Use of Multiple?Inlet Compressors (pages 395–407):
Chapter 19 Compressor functionality trying out (pages 409–441):
Chapter 20 Procurement, Audit, and Asset administration judgements (pages 443–476):
Chapter 21 Reliability?Driven Asset administration techniques (pages 477–497):
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Extra resources for A Practical Guide to Compressor Technology, Second Edition
18 RATIO OF SPECIFIC HEATS The value of k enters into many calculations. A definite relationship exists between the specific heat at constant volume and the specific heat at constant pressure. 26) In these formulas, M is the weight of a mole of gas (the molecular weight). 99 Remembering the unit of specific heat as Btu/lb-°F temperature rise, we can calculate the heat required to increase the temperature of each component gas by 1°F and add them to get the total for the mixture. Mcp is the heat requirement for 1 mol.
Each cylinder must be designed for the capacity, pressure, temperature, and gas properties of a specific project. Available cylinder materials include cast iron (Figs. 19 Cast iron compressor frame assembly showing double bearings at the drive end. 20 Low- or medium-pressure double-acting cylinder with a flanged liner and a threepiece piston. Liberally sized jackets reduce thermal stresses and aid in heat dissipation. 21 Medium- or high-pressure double-acting cylinder with a flanged liner. The liner is locked in place by a flange between the head and the cylinder barrel.
36. Deck-and-a-half and double-deck valves (Figs. 38) are designed to incorporate larger flow areas and thus improved efficiency. 37 Deck-and-a-half compressor valve. 38 Double-deck valve, ported plate, opposed-flow type. , Mount Vernon, Ohio) Although the description of valves has emphasized the plate-type design, circular channel ring-type valves as well as poppet designs are available. Straight channel, circular channel ring, and poppet designs were created primarily for high- and medium-pressure low-ratio applications, respectively.