By Aaron Sheehan-Dean

A significant other to the U.S. Civil War provides a finished historiographical selection of essays protecting all significant army, political, social, and financial points of the yank Civil struggle (1861-1865).

  • Represents the main finished assurance to be had in relation to all facets of the U.S. Civil War
  • Features contributions from dozens of specialists in Civil struggle scholarship
  • Covers significant campaigns and battles, and armed forces and political figures, in addition to non-military features of the clash equivalent to gender, emancipation, literature, ethnicity, slavery, and memory

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On July 16 the green Union army began to ponderously move. Two days later it reached Centreville, twenty-two miles from its start point and six miles from Manassas Junction and Beauregard’s smaller army. When he reached Centreville, McDowell learned that the road network in the area would not support his plan of attack, so he spent the next two days pondering what to do. The two days proved fatal. McDowell’s army outnumbered Beauregard’s at the outset of the march, but the delay gave Johnston the opportunity to move his troops from Winchester to reinforce Beauregard at Manassas Junction, depriving McDowell of any numerical advantage.

William S. Rosecrans led one brigade around the Confederate left flank, while the second one moved into position in front of the Confederate defenses. The sound of gunfire was the signal for McClellan to order his second brigade forward, but McClellan convinced himself that Rosecrans had been defeated and withdrew his forces even as Rosecrans consolidated his position on Rich Mountain. When Garnett, waiting at Laurel Hill, learned of the defeat he ordered a withdrawal. Union troops pursued and caught up to the Confederates at Corrick’s Ford on July 13, where there was a brief skirmish that left Garnett dead.

On July 22 McClellan received a telegram instructing him to report to the War Department. Historians have generally assessed McClellan’s performance in western Virginia not on what he accomplished there, but on what he failed to do after taking command of the Army of the Potomac. In a 1944 article in West Virginia History, Joseph W. Thomas wrote that “McClellan in western v i r g i n i a 1861  13 Virginia showed the weaknesses that later wrecked his career. Had the War Department and High Command followed events here more closely, they might not have had such high hopes for him” (1944: 308).

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