By R.M. Ogilvie

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Individual combat after individual combat takes place (in an almost leisurely, but often tedious manner), but increasingly to the disadvantage of the Trojans. The necessity for Patroclus’ entry becomes less acute, if no less inevitable: near the end of the book we find Hector’s advance checked by Ajax. 63–77) has been frustrated, but only temporarily, for it is too soon for the Achaeans to take the upper hand. Achilles’ prayer must be answered, then, according to the prediction, Patroclus will die.

These devices may shape the individual passage of the poem as a whole. 619– 20: weep for your son tomorrow). ) claims that there can be ring composition between speeches within a book. 518–51. These local structural devices can condition the structure of the whole poems. ) observed that the outer three books of the Iliad balance one another: book 1 (a quarrel) balances book 24 (a reconciliation), book 2 (an assembly of the Achaean army) balances book 23 (the assembly of the Achaeans for Patroclus’ funeral), while book 3 (the ‘first’ duel of the war, between Paris and Menelaus) balances book 22 (the ‘last’ duel of the war, between Achilles and Hector).

644–55) where he indicates that, although he will not leave Troy, he will resist Hector’s advances should they reach his ship. 1–24). 25–71), Agamemnon consults Nestor. 202–17) to scout out the situation of the Trojan forces. 218–53). 299–331). The doublets meet: Odysseus and Diomedes capture Dolon and extract information concerning the Thracian camp. 446–57). Odysseus and Diomedes attack the camp of the sleeping Thracians. 469–525). Iliad 10 is a powerful book. The manner by which our sympathies for Dolon are persistently suppressed almost until his death but then kindled as he is brutally slain by Diomedes, the oblique narration of Rhesus’ death, the characterization of Agamemnon and Menelaus, of Odysseus and Diomedes, of Dolon, are detailed.

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